©Dipl.-Ing. Walter Schober

مهندسی آرشیتکت

آدرس ها


daily call from a mosque to the five obligatory prayers


large, open space or plaza in the center of a city, used for ceremonial purposes


„In the name of Allah...“; the first verse of the Quran


a niche in the qibla wall of the main prayer hall that shows the direction of Mecca

dar al-imara

governor‘s palace


“tower” from which the muezzin calls to prayer


raised platform from which the respondents (qadi) re peat the ritual postures of the Iman and speak the responses so that the stages of prayer may be transmitted to larger congregations


steps to the right of the mihrab; the Imam stands on the second highest step to deliver the Khutbah (address) on the day of the Jumah (Friday)


leader; a person who has taken part in a ghazwa, a battle for the cause of Allah in which the Prophet Muhammad himself took part


ornamental stalactites adorning the cupolas or corbels of a building


literally: communication or narration; in the Islamic context it has come to denote the record of what Mohammed the Prophet said, did, or tacitly approved

namaz (salaat)

prayer; one of the five pillars of Islam


pilgrimage to Mecca, one of the five pillars of Islam, a duty one must perform during one‘s life- time if one has the financial resources for it


Islamic judge; his responsibility is limited to matters of religion


consecrated space in a mosque where rituals and prayer take place; it is essentially the covered prayer hall but can also include an entire sacred area


wall of the mosque oriented perpendicularly to the direction of Mecca


public kitchen to feed the needy; a complex of religious and commercial institutions in Otto man cities, consisting of religious and charitable institutions such as a mosque, mad rasah, hospice and hospital on the one hand and mercantile establishments such as covered bazaars and market places on the other, the latter having been designed to provide for the expenses of the former


arcade around a central courtyard (sahn), providing shade from the sun


aulted architectural space whose facade is mostly open, usually towards a courtyard


open, interior courtyard of the mosque


the Lesser Jihad is the expectation that Muslims will defend their homeland and Islam from attack; the Greater Jihad is the inner battle which Muslims continually fight within themselves to submit to Allah and to fulfill his expectations


Islamic law, based upon the Quran and tradition


address by the Imam during Friday prayers


pool or fountain for ritual ablutions before prayer


lectern for the Quran


the Muslim declaration of faith:"There is no God but God; Muhammad is the Messenger of God"


in the tradition of Ottoman architecture, a complex of buildings made up of schools, hospitals and the like, joined to a mosque


paradigm of the behavior of the perfect Muslim, based on the example set by Mohammed; it includes aspects of ethics and morality, purity, prayer and worship, as well as matters of social and familial relations; it is derived from the hadith, the stories and sayings about Mohammed


place from which the call to prayer is made


a chapter of the Quran


literally: place of learning; Islamic school or university for theology and law


community of learned men; islamic theologists and legal experts, trained in the interpretation of the Sharia and Quran


minaret or lighthouse; towers that were mainly used as a place to light fires so that people would know when to pray, break their fast, etc (from 'nar,' meaning fire)


the entire community of all Muslims


enclosure around the most sacred area of the mosque (the minbar and mihrab), meant to protect the sovereign attending prayers


religious endowment; a charitable trust in the name of Allah

masjid (Turkish: mescit)

mosque; derived from the word 'sadj,' the place where one prostrates oneself


almsgiving, one of the Five Pillars of Islam, an obligatory "poor tax" given directly to the poor or to a distribution official and used for hospitals, schools, helping indigent debtors and freeing slaves, as well as helping the poor

masjid-i jami

large communal mosque


outer courtyard surrounding a mosque, separating it from its urban surroundings

masjid-i jumah

on Friday, Muslims are expected to gather in community prayer at noon; this is usually done in a large, centrally located mosque called a "Friday Mosque"

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